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English grammar (adjectives)

Adjectives: Definition

Adjectives are words that describe or modify another person or thing in the sentence. Largeblack and friendly are all examples of adjectives. An adjective can be a single word, a phrase, or a clause.
Adjectives express an attribute of a place, thing, an event or a person.

  • Follow the yellow cab.
  • George is an adorable kid.
 The adjective forms are positive, comparative, and superlative.
  • This tree is tall. (positive)
  • That tree is taller. (comparative)
  • The second last tree in the row is the tallest. (superlative)
Based on the type of attribute they describe, adjectives are of many types:
  • Appearance Adjectives - adorable, beautiful, clean, drab
  • Color Adjectives - purple, green, black, white
  • Condition Adjectives - better, famous, tender, helpful
  • Feelings (Bad) Adjectives - angry, jealous, worried, lazy
  • Feelings (Good) Adjectives - happy, jolly, nice, victorious
  • Shape Adjectives - high, round, skinny, square
  • Size Adjectives - massive, short, tall, huge
  • Sound Adjectives - quiet, loud, deafening, thundering
  • Time Adjectives - ancient, late, short, young
  • Taste/Touch Adjectives - bitter, rotten, strong, sweet
  • Touch Adjectives - crooked, flaky, freezing, warm
  • Quantity Adjectives - abundant, heavy, substantial, light

Types of adjectives

There are five kinds of adjective as follow.
1) Possessive Adjective
2) Descriptive Adjective
3) Numeral Adjective
4) Demonstrative Adjective
5) Interrogative Adjective

1)Possessive Adjective

Possessive Adjective - It is used to point out the noun that belongs to someone.
The Possessive Adjectives are My, Your, Our, Their, His, Her and Its.
  • This is my book.
  • That is your car.
  • Our car is new.
It is also called possessive pronouns, since it replaces nouns sometimes.
  • This is Kim and this is his hat. ('His' replaces 'Kim').

2)Descriptive Adjective

Descriptive Adjective - It is used to is used to tell the sorts of noun or quality. It describes the noun in detail by assigning an attribute to that noun.
  • He is a tall man.
  • She is a beautiful girl.

3)Numeral Adjective

Numeral Adjective - It is used to show the number of noun. There are three types of Numeral Adjective as follow.
1) Definite Numeral Adjective - It is the adjective that is used to denote an exact number of noun as first, second, third or one, two, three….
Example: Sunday is the first day of the week.
2) Indefinite Numeral Adjective - It is used to denote an inexact number of nouns as some, any, much, many, little, a few….
Example:  I have some friends here.
3) Distributive Numeral Adjective - It is used to cache one noun. They are every, each, another, other...
Example:  Each student is very friendly.

4)Demonstrative Adjective

Demonstrative Adjective - It is used to point out the noun. They are this, these, that, and those. 
  • This book I'm holding is very old.
  • Those taxi drivers we had on holiday were dangerous drivers.
  • That man is very handsome.
  • These girls are good-looking.

5)Interrogative Adjectives

Interrogative Adjective - It is used with nouns to ask questions. They are where, what, which….
  • What program are you watching?
  • Which vitamins should be taken every day?
  • What is your plan? 
  • What type of gun is it? 
  • Whose car is this? 

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